Later, the Rheinschanze with its winter-proof harbour basin (created by a flood in 1824) was used as trading post.Hornig died in 1819, but Johann Heinrich Scharpff, a businessman from Speyer, continued Hornig's plans, which were then turned over to his son-in-law, Philipp Markus Lichtenberger, in 1830.Known primarily as an industrial city, Ludwigshafen is the home of chemical giant BASF, as well as other companies.Among its cultural facilities are the Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz. the Romans conquered the region, and a Roman auxiliary fort was constructed near the present suburb of Rheingönheim.
Because the ground was marshy and too low to be protected from Rhine floods, all the new houses were built on raised ground, sometimes as high as 5 metres above the original ground.The foundation of the new capital of the Kurpfalz, Mannheim, was a decisive influence on the development of the area as a whole.Parallel to the foundation of Mannheim in 1606, a fortress (die Rheinschanze) was built by Frederick IV, Elector Palatine on the other side of the River Rhine to protect the City of Mannheim, thus forming the nucleus of the city of Ludwigshafen itself.The Bavarian king, Ludwig I, set forth plans to rename the settlement after himself and to start construction of an urban area as a Bavarian rival to Mannheim on the opposite bank.During the failed German revolution of 1848 rebels captured Ludwigshafen, but they were bombarded from Mannheim (rumours said the Mannheimers didn't aim at the revolutionaries, but on the rival harbour's infrastructure), and Prussian troops quickly expelled the revolutionaries.
Casual treffen Ludwigshafen am Rhein
Visitors can see the original ground level in many backyards of Ludwigshafen, which are sometimes two floors below street level.During World War I (1914-1918), Ludwigshafen's industrial plants played a key role in Germany's war economy, producing chemical ingredients for munitions, as well as much of the poison gas used on the Western Front.With more jobs available, the population of Ludwigshafen increased rapidly.In 1899 the city was governing more than 62,000 residents (compared to 1,500 in 1852).War returned to the Ludwigshafen area with the armies of the French Revolution.
The palace at Oggersheim was burned down, Mannheim besieged several times, and all the area west of the Rhine annexed by France from 1798 to 1813. The eastern bank of the Rhine with Mannheim and Heidelberg was given to Baden, while the western bank (including the Ludwigshafen area) was granted to Bavaria, following the Wars of Liberation (1813-1815), in which the French were expelled.
Oggersheim in particular gained some importance, after the construction of both a small palace serving as secondary residence for the Elector, and the famous pilgrimage church, Wallfahrtskirche.
For some weeks in 1782, the great German writer and playwright Friedrich Schiller lived in Oggersheim, on flight from his native Württemberg).
From then on, the city's rapid growth and wealth were linked to BASF's success and its expansion into becoming one of the world's most important chemical companies.
Ludwigshafen also became home to several other rapidly growing chemical companies, including Friedrich Raschig Gmb H, the Benckiser company (founded by Johann Benckiser), Giulini Brothers, Grünzweig&Hartmann AG, and the Knoll AG.